Anglican Mission House
The Anglican Church Mission Society erected this building in 1916 to serve as the house for the missionary stationed on the island. It also served as the location for religious services when the Anglicans had trouble securing materials from which to build a separate church. Because the building stood empty and unmaintained for so many years it is in very poor condition. Stabilization measures have been undertaken in order for the building to remain as a feature within the landscape of the Park. Nesting boxes have been installed on the roof and inside the building for the island’s black guillemot colony.
Field Documentation:July 12, 2018
Field Documentation Type:Terrestrial LiDAR
Setting up a Mission on Herschel Island
In 1890 the Anglican Diocese of the Makenzie River, under Bishop W.D. Reeve, was looking for someone to serve the western Arctic. This call was answered by Isaac O. Stringer of Toronto. On March 17th, 1892 Stringer left his home and his family to set out for the western Arctic. Stringer arrived on Herschel Island in April 1893 where he spent three weeks on the island before returning to Fort McPherson to be ordained by Bishop Reeve in July of the same year . In the following years Stringer made several trips back to Herschel Island. In 1895 Stringer ordered supplies for the construction of a mission house on Herschel Island, but when the materials arrived, they were used by the Pacific Steam Whaling Company (PSWC) . Stringer returned to Ontario to marry his fiancé Sadie in 1896, and when they returned to the Arctic later in the same year, they were told that the Euro-Americans and local Indigenous populations wanted a permanent mission set up on Herschel Island. The Stringers purchased a sod house, and when they returned for a four year stay in August 1897, the PSWC offered the use of the community house for a residence and mission in compensation for using the materials sent up two years prior . The sod house was rented to the police in 1904 .
The St. Patrick’s Anglican Mission House
When the Hudson’s Bay Company established a post on Herschel Island in 1915, Reverend Isaac Stringer, who at this time was Bishop of Yukon, took this as a sign that the island had a secure economic future. He reordered supplies for the construction of a mission . A Hudson’s Bay Company trader sold a portion of the lumber to another company before it reached Herschel Island. Despite this, the St. Patrick’s Anglican Mission house was finally constructed in 1916. It was used as a rectory, church and school although it was originally meant to be one part of a group of buildings, each of which would have housed one of these functions [2,3] The mission house was occupied year-round until 1919. When the focus for mission work switched to Shingle Point in 1922 the building was only used intermittently until 1930 when the Herschel Island mission was abandoned completely [1,2]. After the closure, the mission house was only used sporadically when needed to accommodate various groups of people to the island .
The mission house, or building no 13, is a one and a half storey frame building approximately 6.1 m by 9.1 m. The foundation and ground floor is constructed of joists resting on sill beams on the ground. The exterior walls are clad with tongue and groove sheathing with cove drop siding, and the interior was finished with shiplap sheathing, which in turn was either painted or covered with wall finish such as canvas or burlap . The gable roof is framed with a rafter and collar tie system, clad in shiplap sheathing and roll asphalt roofing. It has since been reclad numerous times, most recently being stripped back to its sheathing . The interior of the building was divided into two rooms on each floor, and on the second floor the ceiling followed the slope of the roof to the collar ties. The two entrances to the building were located in the north and south walls. Windows were located in all four walls of the ground floor, and one in each the west and east walls of the upper floor .
Since the building stood empty for so many years, it is in poor condition, but stabilization measures have been undertaken to ensure it remains a feature of the park. Nesting boxes have been installed on the roof and inside the building for the island’s black guillemot colony, the only nesting colony of these birds in the Western Canadian Arctic. The use of the nesting boxes on this building ties together the natural and cultural significances of Herschel Island [2,3].
 Burn, Christopher R. (editor). 2012. Herschel Island Qikiqtaruk: a Natural and Cultural History of Yukon’s Arctic Island. Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication, Calgary.  Preservation Plan. 1990. Herschel Island Historic Resources Preservation Plan. Final report, December, prepared by Heritage Branch, Department of Tourism, Yukon.  Yukon Environment. 2006. Herschel Island Qikiqtaruk Territorial Park Management Plan. Prepared with the Inuvialuit Game Council, the Aklavik Hunters and Trappers Committee along with the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope) for the Yukon Government.
Click on the 3D model of Pauline Cove. Marker (13) shows the location of the Mission House.
Open Access Data
The raw data files for this project are available for download from the archive repository. Scans are .las file format. Please download the metadata template to access metadata associated with each file. All data is published under the Attribution-Non-Commercial Creatives Common License CC BY-NC 4.0 and we would ask that you acknowledge this repository in any research that results from the use of these data sets. The data can be viewed and manipulated in CloudCompare an opensource software.
The architectural drawings below were created by Elizabeth Cook, a student in the School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape (SAPL) at the University of Calgary. The drawings were created in Autodesk Revit BIM software using the point clouds captured by the Z+F 5010X and Leica BLK360 scanners. Building Information Modeling (BIM) involves the generation and management of digital representations of the physical and functional characteristics of spaces. We are currently exploring how BIM can be linked with heritage strategies currently used to manage the historic buildings at Pauline Cove – especially in light of current climate change impacts.
Digitally Capturing the St. Patrick’s Anglican Mission House
The St. Patrick’s Anglican Mission House was digitally documented with a Z+F 5010X terrestrial laser scanner in July, 2018. The Mission House was captured using 8 scanning locations positioned circularly around the house in order to capture the exterior of the building. A combination of paddle targets mounted on tripods and paper targets printed and mounted to the house itself were used for registration. The exterior scans were combined together using Autodesk ReCap. The interior of this building was not digitally captured.